Why would any state want to include protections for press freedom in its constitution? Doesn’t the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution cover that?

Monday, December 9, 2002

The First Amendment provides only the minimum level of constitutional protection. The states are free to provide additional protection under their own state laws, including their state constitutions. This notion of “dual federalism,” envisioned by the Framers, thus provides citizens and others with two important levels of legal protection by which to safeguard our rights.